In 1983, Parliament assembled Copeland, a constituency located in the House of Commons. Recently the conservatives have managed to take over labours long reign of over 80 years; Theresa May claimed that her reason for success was due to her style of government “working for everyone”. Even though the win in Copeland may have demotivated labour members it for sure kept Jeremy Corbyn going, as he made a separate win in a by-election at Stoke Central; however certain members of the labour party have urged Corbyn to reconsider his position, due to the loss.
Despite the odds being heavily against her, MP Trudy Harrison managed to bag the seat which labour had, ever since the 1930’s. May, also commented on Ms Harrison by saying, “such a fantastic candidate”… “Actually rolls up her sleeves and gets things done”. Here Harrison is being described as a very productive and motivated MP and with such a high vote share of 44.3%, it seems as though the public believed this just as much as May did. Following on, labour raked in 37.3% on the vote, with Gillian Troughton as their leader, the Lib Dems gained 7.2% of the vote with Rebecca Hanson, and Fiona Mils running for UKIP had 6.5% of the vote, followed by other parties making up 4.7% of the results. It was said that the Copeland result was the best by-election result since January 1966, commented on Strathcycle University professor, John Curtice.
May believes that the win was down to her critical thinking and the strong relationship the conservatives have built with the public, especially the working class. “They want a party which is on the side of ordinary working people, which will respect the way we voted in the referendum and which will build a country which represents everyone”. “That’s why they voted for me tonight”. Despite the loss, Corbyn responded by declaring a lack of labour campaigns, was the fault in Copeland, “message was not enough to through in Copeland”. He sees the win stoke general as being “decisive rejection of UKIP’s politics of division and dishonesty”. Corbyn seems to have learnt from the loss in Copeland, as he remarked that, “Labour will go further to reconnect with voters and break with the failed political census”.
It is clear that if no improvements are made it will leave a weak backbone for labour’s support, which could lead to a loss in votes at the next general election, mentioned by labour MP John Woodcock; “historic and catastrophic defeat”. The low moral throughout the labour party is not acting in anyone’s favour; more is needed to be done to increase their support. During the Stoke election, UKIP had believed they were in a major advantage, as in June the area was filled with mainly leave voters in relation to Brexit.
In Stoke-on-Trent the winner Gareth Snell, commented upon the voters, claiming they had, “Chosen the politics of hope over the politics of fear”. Further on, said; “the city will not allow ourselves to be defined by last year’s referendum and we will not allow ourselves to be divided by the result”. Nevertheless, UKIP candidate Paul Nuttal, who said “his time would come”, had come only second, with 24.7% of the vote leaving of a close result with conservative candidate, Jack Brereton, with 24.4%of the vote. This was followed by Zulfiqar Ali, representing the liberal democrats gaining 9.8% and other parties made up 4.1% of the vote. In contrast to 2015, labour managed to consolidate 39.3% of the vote, rather than their 37%. Even though they were defeated UKIP seem to stand tall, commenting that “There’s a lot more to come from us”, “I am not going anywhere”. Now that the conservatives have gained the Copeland seat, the defeat in Richmond is no longer a burden.
The fact Corbyn has lost the Copeland seat may show that there is a lack of trust towards him and the Labour party. Not to mention, that left wing MP’s are remarking that his character and actions have let him down.
Drug tests are the most important stage in the development of a drug; determining the safety and effects of a particular medicine, which is waiting to be prescribed to patients with potential life threatening diseases. It is morally, deemed ethical to drug test on willing volunteers, rather than unaware animals, but due to Brexit 600,000 clinical trials on patients, may no longer be available. The simple fact is it’s cheaper and also easier to follow one set of European regulations, in order to drug test throughout the whole of Europe. In this case, leaving the European union has left us in an unstable position of medical deficiency.
Beth Thompson, is a senior policy advisor, who suggested that our lack of luck regarding the new
EU regulations which will be missing out on, will cause patients with life threatening illnesses to miss out on new treatment opportunities. The regulations for clinical trials is hoped to streamline throughout all the 28 countries within the European Union, allowing each country to have the same application process, making trails easier and more efficient. Therefore, unless the UK improves its system of clinical trials, to mirror the strategy implemented in the EU, decline in clinical trials may occur. Ms Thompson continued to say; “The risk is definitely there that when the UK leaves the EU, and with it leaves that harmonised framework, that I will reduce the number of trails that happen in the UK”. It is uncertain if the EU will come to some sort agreement with the UK, as a bad image has already spawned, through the separation in unity.
Cancer is a rapidly developing disease with over 100 types of different cancers, special medication needs to be analytically focused upon to fight each separate cancer type and effectively help to destroy each cell, to prevent mutations. However, if clinical trials slow down then there will be a longer waiting period for new medications to be patented with time being invaluable, especially as cells can multiply at a rapid rate, ultimately reducing the survival rate for all diseases.
It seems as though the EU will rise in terms of medical advancements, countries like the US and Japan, with fall on the same plate as the UK. Jeremy Hunt, the former health secretary commented we could be at “the back of the queue”, regarding the two countries previously mentioned. Disease’s which are more common in the UK, in contrast to other countries, will sacrifice their willing patients who could volunteer more easily to undergo trials. Clinical trials, have benefited those with uncommon diseases, who can be tested upon, develop new medicines and stop the disease before it becomes a common threat and most importantly save lives. The head of the UK medical regulatory body of the mhra, Ian Hudson, mentioned, “as part of exit negotiations we will discuss with the European union and Member states how best to continue cooperation in the field of medical trials”.
For research to be undergone, it is accompanied by lengthy planning which is important in order to make sure the drug is safe, for further tests to be undergone, especially on human volunteers. The head of the cancer research, Paul Workman, highlighted; “Any regulatory barriers to working collaboratively with colleagues in the EU would limit our opportunities to take part in and lead these trails, which would have an impact on both research and patients”. Also, “The outcome of Brexit negotiations must ensure the UK remains competitive in a very tough environment”. The likelihood of this happening is particularly slim, as the EU has an economic edge, allowing them to stay away from making further negotiations with the UK; however times like these with portray the EU’s moral stance.
China is a significant contributor to the global market and unfortunately alongside, high emissions of greenhouse gases have been contributed on a global scale; which plays a vital role in causing global warming, this can ultimately present the severity of the country's environmental actions. Global warming can simply be conveyed through climate changes such as; unexpected precipitation levels, sea level rises, extreme weather occurrences, and also temperature fluctuations. Sea level rise can be caused by melting ice caps, similarly seen in Antarctica, when a hole in the ozone layer was discovered in May 1985, alike, China’s sea levels which have already started rising. When temperature’s escalate, the earth warms up melting the rocks, which form the earth, essentially slowly dissolving the earth away, not to mention an increased rate in evaporation which would cause increased precipitation.
In China’s case smog has been an extreme issue in public health, with masks been worn to protect people from breathing in dangerous chemicals to avoid the forever increasing risk of asthma and respiratory illnesses. This type of pollution is often referred to as ‘particulate matter’, forever increasing in China, perhaps caused by china's cities exceeding the legal air quality limit. Nevertheless, China is a superior trader and exporter of goods and the fact that the economic stronghold of the country can be intervened by the environment, is fascinating to investigate what will become of China in the future. An increase of 2% in annual rainfall, in northern, southern and northwest rainfall/snowfall have decreased, leaving the risk of droughts; however in the west precipitation has been on the rise, this could potentially reach 5% in annual rainfall. Annual temperature may rise by 0.23 degrees and even rise higher than the global average.
The “third national climate change assessment report”, was put together by 550 experts and scientists, establishing China’s current environmental stance. It is believed that; “overall climate change may further intensify the occurrence of floods and droughts”. This will cause a decline in crop production, which will have numerous effects on China’s economy, through the loss of jobs, higher produce prices and a decrease in the value of land. Eventually, leaving people in poverty and lacking essential necessities such as water and food. The lack of goods will deprive foreign markets and damage China’s trading industry. In the northeast of China, warmer weather will become common, extending the growing season; but leaving the burden of more: pesticides and pests. The report responds by claiming, “This will pose even more severe challenges for management of water resources”.
As mentioned previously, sea level rise is a major issue globally, but China is starting to stand out for the wrong reasons. With an increase of 2.9 millimeters a year of seawater, the country is exceeding the global average, leaving China’s coasts at risk. In order to protect the coastline, more money will need to be invested into development plans and coastal defences, depriving the economy of money which could have been placed on trade deals, in order to further enhance China’s future reputation as a superpower. In a space of 30 years, East China sea could near double from a shocking 7.5 cm to 14.5 cm. When 1 cm of sea rises, the coastline will be reversed backwards by nearly 10 meters. Sea level rise, will especially affect China’s fishing industry, which produces the highest figure in the world of 17.4% of seafood caught, accounting to an incredible 13.9 million tonnes. Having a significant effect on the economy China will be exposed to other competitors in the sea industry, on a global scale, not to mention face a loss of jobs and food for the country, as fish prices will increase, due to the increasing difficulty of the job.
However China has started to take action against global warming, by implementing new policies to prevent the severity of effects it could have on the country. Carbon trading is a new policy being implemented in order to reduce carbon emissions and reduce the burning of fossil fuels, especially for the use of electricity. By introducing incentives for buying hybrids, China hopes to reduce the smog and pollution faced on the roads, by reducing CO2 emissions and pulling high polluting cars of the road. Also, stricter regulations will be put forward to clamp down on the industrial burning of coal, providing cleaner air in the sky. Even though nuclear energy is not exactly, ‘renewable’, it produces the lowest amount of carbon for electricity, as a result the country's plans to build 60 nuclear power plants in the next decade. Slowly, the country will improve their environmental position and hopefully one day set an example on a global scale, to be an environmentally friendly country.
David Davis, who is the former Brexit secretary, produced alongside the government, the ‘white paper’, which is a document outlining the 12 main criteria for Brexit. Consisting of 75 pages, it shows how we will be leaving the single market, the European court of Justice and the customs union, also outlining how insignificant immigration change will be. Davis, commented by illustrating, “best days are still to come”, for the UK, whilst labour believe the document “says nothing” and lacks value as the votes have already been counted, whether or not Britain change their mind.
Plans for immigration, are yet to be justified, as the document entails that; "implementing any new immigration arrangements for EU nationals and the support they receive will be complex and Parliament will have an important role in considering these matters further”. Furthermore, a system needs to be devised to show what will happen to current EU nationals living in the UK. Businesses will play an essential part in the UK economy, being carefully prioritised to make sure, skilled workers are welcomed into the jobs sector. "This would give businesses and individuals enough time to plan and prepare for those new arrangements”. Such arrangements may involve, limiting international trade or cutting back on expenses. The government will be tackling a social issue regarding how vastly immigration will be controlled, on whether to economically satisfy business and the economy or prioritise the people, delivering on their expectancy of adequate action. Therefore, it has been confirmed that it will take several years until we see any effects on immigration patterns. On the other hand, the government is slowly piecing together a plan, focusing on foreign students, as tuition fees accumulate a fair amount of revenue for the country.
A major selling point for Brexit was saving the expense of £350 million on the cost of remaining in the EU, which was thought to have transitioned into helping the NHS. As a result, it seems as though “appropriate contributions”, will still be funded to Brussels, Europol, scientific and research departments and the European security arrangements. Europol correlates alongside the European arrest warrant, which generates a problem for May, due to the fact many MP’s despise of it. All in all this results in payments continuing to be sent to the EU, until further notice. Not to mention exiting the EU may cost us up to £51.5 billion, it seems as though we’ve let down the National Health Service.
Ever since 1923, there has been a common travel area (cta) between Ireland and Britain. However, an unresolved issue on the borders of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland remains, leaving the customs Union does not help resolve the problem anymore. The white paper lacks purpose to suggest what will happen, being unprepared, a suggestion of moving the UK border to the Irish Sea seems to be too controversial. “When the UK leaves the EU we aim to have as seamless and frictionless a border as possible between Northern Ireland and Ireland”, not convincing or reassuring to many residences.
Leaving the single market, seems far from close, as: trade, security and custom arrangements all seem to remain the same in the white papers; "may take in elements of current Single Market arrangements in certain areas as it makes no sense to start again from scratch when the UK and the remaining Member States have adhered to the same rules for so many years”. This clearly displays the fact little progress is being made to thoroughly shift ourselves away from the EU, displaying signs that Britain may not be as much of an independent country as it thought to be. Even our trade schedules, which are trade relationships, have just been in the EU and are continuing that way.