Ever-since the war in Syria took place, over 400,000 lives have been lost. To put that into perspective, it is roughly the whole population of Miami, startling and breath-taking figures, which need to be acknowledged and concentrated on by the whole world. Since 2011 over 3 million civilians fled Syria, with a prospects of living in the EU, 1 million went to Lebanon, 1 million went to Turkey and over ¼ have settled as refugees in UN camps. The UN camps have significantly help shelter and feed the victims with nothing other than hope.
In the Summer of 2015; over 600,000 migrants entered Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. Situated within where special holding centre's for migrants, which were especially full in Sicily, Italy and Lesbos. Due to the overfilled areas, a more familiar term started arising known as ‘squatter settlements’ which rose near border points in central/western Europe. Hence why aid is essential for the refugees survival and hope of having a better life in a safer country. Migrants had also come from: Iraq, Afghanistan, Northern Sub Saharan Africa, in order to escape issues such as: conflict, persecution, poverty, hoping to escape to richer countries. Due to the mass amounts of people, there was difficulty in the European governments to provide funding and ending up being controversially blamed for human smuggling and trafficking of migrants, as there was thought to be a lack of transportation options provided. In the Mediterranean; there were many news reports, which turned into famous photos, of the struggles migrants were facing: overcrowded boats, smuggling and even the horrific conditions leading to drowning of passengers. Due to the media and people's views on the crisis, the governments were urged and in fact pressured to take action on this matter, to help save as many lives as possible.
A more desirable location, unsurprisingly, was the UK. This was a population destination as the english language is easily widely spoken throughout the world and this would help to reinforce employment. At Calais; there were over 3,000 migrants, with 100s illegally entering in trucks, containers, causing disruptions in: the Eurotunnel and Ferry services. As a result there was a political tension caused between the UK and France, due to the fact France wanted the UK to take more of the migrants, taking pressure of their shoulder. The EU commissioner, introduced a quota system, allowing each state to equally take in a certain amount of migrants, making it fairer for places such as France.
Should the UK abolish the human rights act ? A recent survey has proven that ‘no’ was the popular majority answer with 76% (1,064,458) agreeing and ‘yes’ was a simmered 24% (337,010) people. The majority of those who choose yes agreed that it should be replaced with the Bill of rights. Whereas those who said no did also agree that criminals need to lose many of their rights as a punishment. Nevertheless the conservatives plan, disregarding the majority of the view, has in fact succeeded. Plans will shortly commence, as the justice secretary has confirmed that the Human Rights Act will change to the British Bill of Rights.
In 2015, the conservatives ironically agreed in their manifesto; that they would be abandoning the policy, in order to avoid a fight with the Scottish government. Theresa May has seen to be predominantly unveil great leverage with a controversial constitutional change. Responding to this situation in April with; “This is Great Britain, the country of the Magna Carta, parliamentary democracy and the fairest courts in the world”.
A main motive for the switch for the tories, was separating the British and European courts of Human rights. Furthermore to prevent foreign nationals, using the Human Rights act to cement their place in Britain after committing numerous offences. Also, concerns have also risen regarding the Strasbourg try to overrule verdicts that the courts and parliament, examples include: stopping the ban on prisoners voting rights and stopping life sentences, even for serious crimes committed.
The bill of rights; itself is a very conservative act, retaining previous British values. As mentioned, the conservatives hope to “restore common sense and tackle the misuse of the rights contained in the convention”. I short strategy paper was supposed to be published but no materialistic copy was provided. Hopes are; the reforms block the European court of Human rights from overruling British judgements in court.
The main roadblock for the government, Theresa May, is the say of the house of commons and the house of lords. The Guardian newspaper commented; “room for parliamentary manoeuvre could easily be restricted by a relatively small number of rebels”. Justice minister Ken Clarke and attorney general Dominic Grieve QC, believe the move will lose traditional laws and there could be issues within the European and British courts in the future. The commons did not provide a backrest for May’s opinion and instead the house of lords was seen to be more of a savior. With 224 candidates (213 labour and 101 Lib dems). With a new British Bill of Rights coming into place, only time can tell the effectiveness.
Ever since the start of the year, southern railway have displayed appalling customer satisfaction with problems ranging from; the operating of who closes the doors to trains being severely delayed, leaving passengers completely stranded in the cold weather. There have been over 2,242 cancelled scheduled services; which have affected a staggering 300,000 travelers. Victoria station has been faced with some of the worst disruptions in the recent past, with southern railway being the only option for some people, it seems they are going to be stranded in delays, until something is done. The cancelled services were due to a 24 hour walkout, which has happened the 3rd time this week, by an unnegotiated deal, between the drivers in union Aslef and the rail chiefs.
Social media has been stormed with hundreds of complaints; from the furious passengers, experiencing an awful service, with southern. Soraya Cotwal tweeted; ‘Left job I love yesterday because of rail dispute. Irony is a couldn't even get to my own leaving do! Thanks #Southernfail #Southernrail. The transport secretary; Chris Grayling, said he is toughing up anti strike laws, accusing the unions of ‘wanting to take the rail industry backwards’. The passengers who were left stranded in Victoria station, on thursday night, left a letter with Department For Transport, urging the government to immediately take action and tackle this nightmare. ‘We suffered a year-long nightmare because of the collapse of Southern Rail. ‘We have desperately called for government action and have been repeatedly ignored - even while many of us have lost our jobs , or had to move house’, which was said by a protest organiser spokesman, from the Association of British commuters.
National express have come to the rescue! Aiding passengers with 3,000 extra seats, helping
commuters who would normally travel from London to Brighton via Southern Rails. A Tory MP commented on the train service as ‘luddites’, driver only trains were certified by independent regulators, having run fine for 30 years. City analysts said that Southern had a deal with the government of a controversial £9 billion, for seven years. Taxpayers are the ones paying the compensation for passengers, stupidly, rather than the train operator Govia Thameslink Railway. Govia is owned by Go ahead , owning a majority of Southern, has urged investors to make careful consideration when buying shares, as the fall of sales has gone slightly below estimates. The extra costs of £3 billion, which is a fraction of the £50 million; suffered by taxpayers in costs compensation and lost ticket sales.
A serious problem with Southern Rails, involves the strikes outlined by the passengers. Recently, drivers joined train guards, to strike for three days this week. Some individuals and groups involved include: drivers, union Aslef, Rail Maritime and the transport union representing a high majority of the guards. A close MP with Aslef boss ‘Mick Whelan’, is Jeremy Corbyn, who claimed that driver only trains do present some safety issues. Mr Whelan was asked by Theresa May to cancel the strike, challenging Jeremy Corbyn.
Nevertheless, more needs to be done by Southern Rails, perhaps by rethinking their business plan, changing drivers, raising morale in the company and finding a way to regain their lose in customer satisfaction. Many rely on this service and changes need to be rapid and efficient.
Keith Rupert Murdoch is an Australian-American media master. Brought up from a dad, who was a; reporter, editor and senior executive of the Herald and Weekly times, he was well familiar with the media from a young age. With a £12 billion net worth, he is a very significant and influential figure in the media, perhaps through the help from his father. Murdoch also founded: News Corporation, Sky UK and 21st Century Fox.
Currently, he is undergoing a deal with his own telecommunications/news channel, Fox News; to buy out Sky news, in the UK,Germany and Italy. Furthermore, Murdoch will have control of: The Times, The Sun, Talksport and the Sunday Times. Before the deal can be sealed; Murdoch has to raise his £10.75 per share offer, value isn't sky at £18 billion. On the other hand, this will cause an outrage for many shareholders with Sky.
Sky's own directors consist of; deputy chairman ‘Martin Gilbert’, also the chief executive of sky shareholder Aberdeen Asset manager. Sky's directors have recommended that the shareholders should accept the offer from Fox. There was a 40% increase in share price; as soon as the announcement was made. The main beneficiaries of the deal, who will be syphoning a whooping £40 million, will be: finance chief, Andrew Griffith and Sky chief executive Jeremy Darroch.
Richard Marwood, a senior fund manager at Royal London asset management, controlling £62 million of Sky shares, released a statement declaring directors need to provide for financial support for shareholders. “We would urge the independent committee of Sky directors, who recommended that shareholders accept the offer, to share more information on the independent financial advice that they based their argument on”. He later went on to say; “Such disclosure would help shareholders assess the fairness of the offer and give greater confidence in the independence of the committee in the bid”. These can be easily seen as wise words, shareholders remaining as part of the company, may want to think twice about the value of their shares. An association of 71 funds including; Standard life, Jupiter asset manager and Local authority pension fund forum, account to 0.7% of Sky; said they want “robust” safeguards to protect “future probity”.
There are 10 working days remaining to overview any possible public interest concerns, especially from the media, the person in charge of making this happen is Karen Bradley. With the help of the regulator Ofcom, undergoing a 40 day investigation to determine whether or not, Murdoch will have to much power and control in the media. However, this factor is completely dependant on whether Bradley will seek the help of the Ofcom or not.
Nevertheless, the big question for everyone, is if Murdoch should have this much responsibility, as past events have reflected him to be questionable character. During Brexit, it is thought that he used his company ‘The Sun’, as a means of sending a biased message to leave the EU, influencing political views on overall scale. Perhaps, the deal may be delayed, until article 50 is triggered, meaning the leave from the EU would trigger a fall in the pound, causing a cheaper price for him, ultimately affecting shareholders, share values, but pocketing the directors... Also, do we really want an individual, having a vast amount of power in the media, who was involved in the phone hacking scandal.
On Thursday 15th December the deal was confirmed by Sky, now we are only left to sit back and review any changes occuring in the future.
Cannabis refers to a relatively tall plant containing a fixed upright stem, with divided serrated leaves and glandular hairs. The purpose of the drug is for the production of hemp fibres and also as a psychotropic drug. A common use is smoking it, of course with tobacco, but not completely necessary. For years, politicians and in fact society, have been debating whether or not the drug should be legalised; especially in the UK, but it seems if though, not much has been acknowledged by parliament to pursue the endeavour of legislation. There was a petition for legalising the production, distribution and use of cannabis, but parliament, declined this as it was seen to cause 'medical side-effects'.
Even though society, morally condemns those who smoke, there needs to be a fine line drawn, to show the freedom people have,in making their own decisions. Therefore by banning the drug, it causes people to feel as if their opinion is wrong and immoral. The government has been seen to take a moral stance on fighting recreational drugs,but perhaps this is to generate money from seizures. Also if the drug was legalised the treasury (UK) would be able to earn £1 billion on tax returns. Also, a politician can use 'fighting the war on drugs', as a moral stance against other opponents, so it is clear, there is more emphasis placed on benefiting the economy rather than the people. If the government thinks banning the drug, will stop its use, they are wrong. Cannabis is consistently being used day in and day out by drug dealers, distributing the drug and consumers who regularly smoke the drug. Cannabis is not a drug which a user can overdose on, but tobacco, however, can, which is currently legal. Why can't the drug simply be regulated; in the same way alcohol and cigarettes are ? If this does happen the price of the drug will fall and there will be a collapse in the illegal drug industry, reducing the overall crime rate for possession and distribution. Is this not what we need in society ? The simple way to reduce drug use is to control and decrease the marketing campaigns, but this is simply unrealistic as drugs generate a vast amount of money for the economy. As mentioned before drugs are optional; just like skydiving and jet skiing, there are always risks presented, especially with the harm done to your body. The Freedom of speech similarly contrasts to what should be the freedom of drug use, at your own risks, however, this is not the case, as you are simply banned for your choice. Drug dealers are secured to high profits and will surely sell to anyone who pays the price, however, if weed was legal and regulated with an age restriction, it should help underage use from happening in the first place.
Although there are many advantages to legalising the drug, there are also some disadvantages. More people would be interested in drug use, if there are more variations of drugs available on the market, deterring the aim of a healthy society. Regardless of the drug, weed can eliminate the consumer's ability to think logically and make rational decisions. The gateway theory suggests that if society accepts the use of soft drugs such as cannabis then people will start moving on to hard drugs like crack. Also if drugs are legalised it may send the wrong message to children, portraying the fact that drugs are legal, moral and acceptable, when in fact, they are the opposite of that.
Many believe; what the media presents us, is just the tip of the ice berg in an everlasting cover up of lies. Although it is hard to separate the lies from the truths, we do know of some exclusive groups, who have supposedly played an important role in history and perhaps to this day. Unknowingly, these groups have had a knock on effect, in some way, on our lives.
The Freemasons, formed in 1717, founded by the four English lodges, in London, with the sole purpose of teaching self-knowledge, by participating in ceremonies. Some famous members consist of; Winston Churchill, Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Harry Houdini and Mozart. The group features all male members, with around six million throughout the world, being powerful members of society. Famous conspiracy theories include; designing the pyramids, supporting/funding the knights Templar and plotting the French Revolution.
Arguably, the most well-known group, is the Illuminati. Formed in 1776, by Adam Weishaupt in Germany, with the purpose of creating secular societies throughout Europe. Many familiar figures such as; Obama, Beyonce, Jay Z, Lady Gaga, the Weeknd and Madonna are supposedly members of this secret group. A common belief is that the Illuminati have polluted the media, entertainment and music industry with subliminal messages, regarding satanic and evil connotations. It is also rumored the group had been broken down by German Authorities, after the French Revolution. However, conspiracy theorists have argued that group operates as a sinister shadow, deep within the government, involving themselves, with world industry and politics.
The 'Skulls and Bones' formed in 1832 with many founders; Frederick Ellsworth Mather, Phineas Timothy Miller, William Huntington, George Ingersoll Wood and Alphonso Taft. Yale University, is where the group assembled, in a part of the building, known as the 'tomb'. Formation of this secret society was due to arguments, between members of societies at Yale. Possible members of the group include; George Bush and William Taft. The group were also known as the 'bone men', using the wealth from bonds as power to rank their way and up the social ladder, into America Elite. The Skulls and Bones have been blamed for two famous problems; the nuclear bomb and the assisanation of John F Kennedy.
Also, the 'Bohemian Group', formed in 1872, by Henry Edwards, on Bohemian Avenue, situated in Monte Rio, California. The purpose of the group, was the meet of rich and powerful individuals, in order to escape 'frontier culture', which were simplicity the uncivilized interests of the common man. Some famous members include; Richard Nixon, Bill Clinton and Ronald Reagan. The members have argued they are there for 'social interests' but many people believe there are more sinister motivates behind closed doors. They are thought to have; planned the Manhattan project, this turned out to be true, as the first nuclear bomb was situated there.
Finally, a more recent society, 'Bilderberg Group', formed in 1954, by the Dutch Royal Family, in Netherlands. The purpose of the group was too celebrate Northern America and European leaders together, promototing relations between the US and Europe, politically, economically and defense wise. Famous alleged members include; Angelea Merkel, Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, Margaret Thatcher, David Cameron and Henry Kissinger. Although the group seemed to be nationally beneficial, it also seems peculiar that the media has not interviewed any of the meetings and any journalists who have tried have been arrested. Perhaps; making you wonder what is being hidden and why is it so significant that its worth an arrest or even a crime committed to listen. A well-known conspiracy theory is that the group is run by Nazis, who wanted one world government and supposedly control the republican party.
No matter what, we are living in a population of 7 billion people, with the elite being the top 1% of the population and with: adequate money and power, anything can be controlled, we never know what goes on behind close doors.
An ordinary mother with two children, a husband ben, almost two years of experience in politics and a lib dem candidate; seems like a very unrealistic combination for a winning battle against the almighty Zac Goldsmith, doesn't it ? Wrong... 2 December indeed turned many heads as the shocking announcement of Sarah Olney; winning the majority of votes in Richmond indeed came as a surprise too many.
In fact, she managed to rack in 48% of the vote, whilst Zac Goldsmith gained 45% and labor a horrific 3%. Zac Goldsmith had been a popular candidate for many years in the Richmond area, being a well known, warm-hearted figure, who regularly stood by his word, helping to retain loyalty in his voters.
Born in 1977, Sarah was a simple lady, attending Surrey Comprehensive School and leading onto studying English Literature at Kings College London. Starting as a qualified account, then going onto working in the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) located in Teddington. Not the sort to get into politics ? In fact, it was only after the general election, motivating her to play her part in politics, finding her place in the lib Dems. She commonly, mentioned her interest in politics, was a sudden spark and had not placed much emphasis on it throughout her life, until now.
Many speculations have been airborne throughout the media, unfolding the truth about why she was really chosen. A collective suggestion portrays her cutting edge on her Pro-EU views, a well-known popularity which society, feels the need to correct. Although Brexit won, 17 million to 16 million, there has still been demands, for a 2nd Referduman, Sarah believes she can help, by voting against article 50, in parliament. A common vow, Zac and Sarah share, there opposition on the building of a third runway at Heathrow, however, this can generate jobs and money into the economy. Perhaps Sarah's Pro-EU mindset had given her an advantage that Zac, simply did not provide, previously being a former conservative-now independent candidate and standing with Brexit.