Located within Northern India, around the Himalayan Mountains, lies the fairly populated state of Jammu and Kashmir. Housing over 12 million people, throughout the vast landscape, it stretches to 222 Km (2) and borders the surrounding states; Himachal Pradesh and Punjab, projecting south of the region. Conjointly, there are additional provinces within the state, in which Pakistan has conquered 70 years prior to the partition of India, compiling of: Baltistan, Skarduh and Gilgit. Consequently, China acquired various other regions within the state; nevertheless Jammu and Kashmir remain the largest and most agriculturally matured, in-comparison to other regions within the Indian sub-continent.
Alike other countries, each state consists of an elected official, also known as a chief minister, who ran the country. In Jammu and Kashmir, Mehbooba Mufti Sayeed was the chosen representative, who has been serving since 4th April 2016. The dominant religion throughout was Islam, many believed it was stupendous to be part of Pakistan, whilst others also preferred the independence of inhabiting a separate state.
Formerly, the state had been run by a (Hindu) Maharajah (Harry Singh), who signed fair agreements to be independent but peaceful with India and Pakistan, India were happy with this, whereas Pakistan were less accepting and preferred Jammu and Kashmir to be under the control of Pakistan. Agreeing with the Maharajah was Sheikh Abdullah, who believed uniting with India was the best option. As a result, Pakistan endeavoured and trifled a plan to rule Jammu and Kashmir through the mobilization of military force. In order to protect the state and community, the Maharajah fled to India, pleading for help from Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. The damage done by Pakistan was extensive, hundred’s had been killed and buildings were left wrecked. After careful consideration, Nehru sent Indian troops into Kashmir Valley, after an agreement that the state would not be part of India. Although Pakistan managed to prevail a fair proportion of the state, it was insignificant compared to the whole of Jammu and Kashmir. After resenting the continuation of conflict, India reached support from the United Nations and Pakistan was told to withdraw their troops. Due to conflicting interests, the UN inquired whether or not the people of Jammu and Kashmir wanted to be part of India, as part of their rights. To follow through, a system was brought about consisting of referendum or plebiscite, everyone in the state was entitled, but since Pakistan failed to leave, plebiscite was not an option. Superpowers such as the US and Britain remained passive towards the conflict, moronically labelling the state, ‘Disputed Territory’ and leaving the problem alone with India and Pakistan.
The imbalanced uncertainty of Pakistan continuing the conflict is still present, even though by law, Jammu and Kashmir is annexed to India. The land Pakistan currently occupies within the state provides no democratic rights or freedom to the citizens under control, with the on-going risk of persecution and death. Terrorism has risen within the Kashmir Valley, as leaders of extremist groups are demanding a reunion with Pakistan, which is against Indian law, causing imprisonment. Furthermore, in order to protect the local area, soldiers have been placed around the premises; however terrorists have even killed them in spite of anger, causing a blood bath in the valley.