Caffeine is a common stimulant drug that is consumed by everyone. It is most commonly known as a central nervous stimulant drug as it increases the body's activity. These stimulant drugs keep you awake and active for a long period of time. It has a bitter taste and has a white crystalline structure. It is most commonly consumed by everyone through coffee, energy drink, coke and etc. There are many possible benefits with health effects from the use of caffeine: Help treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a chronic disease that most occurs in infants and children which is commonly associated with the lungs.
Health Risks from Caffeine
However consuming too much caffeine can lead to many health risks that can occur. There has been a recent death of a 16 year old teenager who has died from consuming so much caffeine in the space of 2 hours. He had drunk a cup of mcdonald's latte and a bottle of Mountain Dew which was tested to show there was a huge consumption of caffeine. Similarly in 2015 university students had died as it was said that they have consumed the equivalent of 300 cups of coffee. It is further said that caffeine can act for around 3-4 hours within our body.
But the question is what are the dangers of consuming too much caffeine?
Caffeine can cause problems sleeping, restlessness and irritations. This is due to the properties of a stimulant drug, As it triggers more faster neurological responses and faster brain activity.
Heart Abnormalities - It can faster heartbeats, meaning your heart can beat faster than usual. This can result in a high blood pressure and then heart attacks. This can also cause flutter and palpitations - which is when you have an extra heart beat or when you miss a heartbeat. Again this is due to the stimulant properties that caffeine has.
Refluxes - Caffeine can cause the muscles around the esophagus to relax and loosen, This can contribute to gastroesophageal reflux and heart burns. This can cause stomach acid to travel back up the esophagus causes burns and pain.
Diuresis - Caffeine can cause more blood flows through the kidneys which produces more urine and waste. As more urine is passed out through the body this can cause dehydration and hence disrupt the water balance.
Insomnia - Caffeine can act as an inhibitor for adenosine. This a transmitter that is released by our brain which helps you to fall asleep when tired. By inhibiting adenosine it will make you restless and hence you won’t be able to go to sleep.
It is recommended by the EFSA (European Food Safety Authority that the minimum about of caffeine consumption is around 400mg per day. For pregnant women is important that their caffeine intake is cut down to 200mg due the development of the embryo in the womb.