Have you ever sat down and wondered who am I? Why do I have the ability to question myself upon my own existence? What allows me to question myself, and then in turn question the reality of that question? Is this not a paradox?
Consciousness, has been from the start, since the first philosophers, an unanswered question, that has been an almost impossible task to fully understand and grasp the concept of consciousness. Therefore to define consciousness it is challenging and difficult. For the purpose of this article we could define consciousness as the realisation of self being, the fact that we know that we alone exist. If we go by this definition, then we already see the limitations of it. If only you know you are conscious then what about the rest of humanity, and the animal kingdom? Are they consciousness even though you cannot fully tell whether they are.
Throughout history, consciousness has been affiliated with the human soul. Religions such as Islam and christianity see this as the only thing about the human body that shall transcend through time and dimensions, where the human spirit, its ability to tell right from wrong, its ability to conclude the difference between evil and pure resides, thus the philosophical values of religion are all based upon the actions of your consciousness.
We have still not learn what causes consciousness, and why do we have it. But study in neuroscience and neuropsychology, is allowing us to get closer to the answer. The primary focus is on understanding what it means to biologically and physically for information to be present in consciousness. Due to the rise in AI (artificial intelligence) sooner or later, humans will be posed with the question of artificial consciousness, will it be possible to artificially create consciousness, and how will it differ.
Consciousness—Philosophers have used the term 'consciousness' for four main topics: knowledge in general, intentionality, introspection (and the knowledge it specifically generates) and phenomenal experience... Something within one's mind is 'introspectively conscious' just in case one introspects it (or is poised to do so). Introspection is often thought to deliver one's primary knowledge of one's mental life. An experience or other mental entity is 'phenomenally conscious' just in case there is 'something it is like' for one to have it. The clearest examples are: perceptual experience, such as tastings and seeings; bodily-sensational experiences, such as those of pains, tickles and itches; imaginative experiences, such as those of one's own actions or perceptions; and streams of thought, as in the experience of thinking 'in words' or 'in images'. Introspection and phenomenality seem independent, or dissociable, although this is controversial
One of the following factors of consciousness is that are the decisions we make truly our decisions? In a game, the character is told to move forward, in terms of game play we humans told it to go forward, but from the perspective of the player, it moved on its own. Similarly, are we just another simulation of an advanced race, where all our thoughts, processes, emotions, decisions just pre programmed algorithms on a supercomputer of un imaginable computational power?
One day we shall get the answers. Ground breaking research into neuroscience, shall one day reveal answers, as everyday we get closer and closer into finding the truth..
A man who for the last 10 years has been popping up everywhere. Probably the Tony Stark of real life.
A brief Background
He was born on June 28 1971 in South Africa. From a very young age Elon Musk developed a creative mind in the field of technology. At the age of 12 he taught himself programming and created a basic video game which he sold and made $500
Age of 19 Musk was accepted at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario, where then he spent 2 years and then transferred to the University of Pennsylvania. At the age of 24 he gained a bachelors in physics. He then pursued a doctorate in Physics, however left earlier in order to pursue his entrepreneurial dreams in the areas of the internet and physics.
1995: Musk and his brother started a company called zip-2 which was a web software company that had cost him $28000. He ran the company as a member of the board and later on it was sold, he then received $22 Million as part of his share.
1999: Musk co-founded x.com, which was an online financial service provider, which cost him $10million. He then merged this company with a company called Coinfinity and had the company renamed PayPal. He helped run the company as CEO until 2002 where PayPal was bought by eBay for $1.5billion from which Elon Musk received $165 million.
His current work
With $100 million Elon Musk founded Space Exploration Technologies or SpaceX. With his goal of making us (humans) into a space faring civilisation.
His work with spaceX is the following:
The first rocket Launches were the Falcon 1 and the Falcon 9 which were homages to the Star Wars Millennium Falcon.
In 2006 SpaceX received a contract from NASA to continue work and tests on the Falcon 9 and the Dragon while ( It was the one that docked in the space station)
In December 21015 SpaceX managed to launch and then re land its Falcon 9 rocket, and became the first people in history to ever make this happen.
He believes that he will get people to mars within the next 10 to 20 years and will reduce space exploration costs by a factor of 10.
In 2008 Elon Musk became the ceo of Tesla Motors.
Tesla is a company that produces electric powered cars. Tesla sells Electric Powertrain systems to car manufacturers. An electric powertrain system is the use of electricity as the main component in a car to generate power which is then transferred into movement of the car.
Musk sells electric vehicle powertrain components so that automakers can produce electric vehicles at affordable prices without having to develop the products themselves.
In 2014 Musk had announced that Tesla Motors will allow its operations to be used in good faith in order to speed up the development of electric cars, as currently electric cars make up 1% of car sales.
In 2013 Musk has unveiled a concept for high-speed transportation, known as a hyperloop.
This transport system incorporates reduced pressure tubes in which pressurized capsules ride on an air cushion, driven by air compressors and linear induction motors.
If made possible the cost of travel for long distances would be reduced drastically, as it would require a low amount of power to travel at these speeds. Due to the partial vacuum state the hyperloop would exists in.
The hyperloop proposed speed is around 1,200km/h between distant locations.
It could take a 610 km distant, such as LA to San Francisco in 30 minutes, which is half the time it takes a plane. For this current proposal it would cost $6 Billion to make.
In 2015 Musk announced a design competition for students and others to build hyperloops pods to operate at these speeds. The track is currently under construction and is expected to be early 2017.
In December 2015 Elon Musk announced OpenAI. It is a not-for-profit artificial intelligence research company. Its aim is to develop artificial general intelligence in a way that is safe and beneficial to humanity.
By making it open to everyone, Musk wants to counteract large corporations who may gain too much power by owning super intelligence systems that are devoted to profits, as well as governments who may use it to oppress citizenry.
Quote:The future of humanity is going to bifurcate in two directions: Either it's going to become multi planetary, or it's going to remain confined to one planet and eventually there's going to be an extinction event. - Elon Musk