Stem cells are undifferentiated cells which come from multicellular organisms. They are capable of giving rise to similar types of cells, which certain other cells arise by differentiation. But there are many pros and cons about whether or not they should be used. Throughout this article, I will explain and give my point of view
Stem cells are found in the bone marrow of human, but also in embryos formed during the blastocyst phase of embryological development. They are capable of replacing lost/damaged cells within humans, making them very prestigious. However, the fact that many embryos are denied the chance to live raised the question on whether the research and use of the cells should carry on. It’s a true fact that many of the embryos used are once in which the mother has decided not to give birth to, or ones which have minor defects and a low chance of coming out of the womb alive.
Stem cells have shown that they are extremely beneficial in therapeutic cloning to treat chronic illness. They’ve also been an asset into the advancement of modern day regenerative medicine. They also cure development defects before they happen, meaning they could possibly correct an illness or fault in a child even before it is born, improving their quality of life and increasing their chance of survival. Furthermore, they give us a better understanding of how our body functions, which is vital for the advancement of medical processes and curing degenerative illnesses. An example of this would be Parkinson’s disease and cancer, which can be treated with the use of stem cells.
In contrast, there are many disadvantages which cause moral issues. One of them is the high level of uncertainty it causes. Major advancements still need to be made and there must be an advance in new technology in order to make sure the use of stem cells is fully safe and has no harmful defects. The biggest moral argument is that many people believe that altering the basic structure of a human’s genes is putting hands somewhere they shouldn’t be. This could also cause perpetuate clones of humans. This means making an exact genetic copy of living organisms. Cloning is another issue which has had negative effects.
To conclude, I believe that stem cell research should go ahead as it can benefit the future society in many ways, and help increase the life expectancy of those who have these illnesses and diseases, I strongly object in the fact that it should be allowed to aid in the process of cloning however.