Many of the world’s species are facing extinction in present day due to a number of factors in which we contribute too. Over 60% of species in the world are now threatened with extinction. Extinction is the state and process of being completely removed; many organisms in the past have been made extinct, for example: the Mammoth, the Dodo and the West African Black Rhino most recently.
A study which included more than 30 scientists assessed the conservation of 500 individual species, which declared that 75% of the species have populations which are declining. This is an alarming figure. Extinction is caused by human factors and environmental factors, however the long term effects could be drastic, as so much of the way we live is due to animals and what they bring to us.
One of the main reasons for extinction is the rapid increase in deforestation. Forests are being cut down and habitats are being destroyed every day, being converted into industrial agriculture to benefit humans. This included the want for livestock and cattle ranching; oil and gas drilling and mining. This has left primates with nowhere to live.
Another reason for extinction to occur is due to the large amount of poverty in the third world, with a shortage of food and water caused primates to be hunted for meat and trade. An example of this is the elephant, which are regularly hunted and killed in order for their tusks, made of ivory, to be sold on the black market,
Climate change across the world is another reason causing extinction to species. Some species are unable to adapt to changing conditions, meaning they will hinder the repopulation of their species which will lead to extinction. Melting icebergs mean that many species are unable to cope with changing sea levels, which has an effect of the way that species functions in the ocean, but also alter the environments that are within the ocean.
One final cause for extinction is the amount of pollution in our air. With the growing number of industries and TNC’s around the world, many factories have been opened to cope with the growing demand. This has resulted in high levels of air pollution and smog, with many people in China having to wear a mask due to the serious health risks the air has. The animals breathe the same air as we do, so it does just as much harm to them as it does to us, meaning they find it hard to respire and reproduce, leading to extinction.
The clear message from this article is that we, as Humans, need to start respecting the Earth and species a bit more than what we are doing currently, working together in order to get the best out of each other, before it is too late.