Biology; currently the fastest advancing science in the 21st century. Stem cell research, robotics, DNA editing are amongst the leading areas of biological developments. The third world countries are in need of revolutionary technology to aid them in battling the diseases and infections that plague their survival. The largest problem that the world faces is the lack of affordable medical care with the NHS being a prime example of why a free medical health care system is the way forward. These biological advances in using technology to cure diseases or to replace limbs allow a rather viable solution for the modern day global society. More funding needs to be given to allow research in biology and potentially allow a cure to diseases that have remained incurable for the past century. Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that has riddled scientists for many years and their victims are known to suffer from severe memory loss. The new technology of stem cell research has offered a surge of excitement for the scientific community as it could potentially help solve a disease that has been very dominant amongst elderly people. Gene editing is also an area that could lead to the removal of genetically inherited diseases however, it is currently banned in many countries until recently the UK allowed funded research into germline therapy.
Chemistry; is a science that falls in somewhere between Biology and Physics, it is a science that complements each of the other two and in such cases is an extremely useful science for both physicists and biologists. The findings of in chemistry have been the roots of our existence, materials are solely derived from chemical elements many take for granted. Chemistry has discovered ions that we can not live without, ions that fuel plants. Chemistry applies the findings in physics and creates the theory. Such as the discovery of lattices by physicists, allowed chemist to go ahead and create materials that use these properties to their advantage. Chemistry is also the reason why we are able to use transport, through fraction distillation, we are able to create fuel and medicine. Each aspect of chemistry further advances the work of biologists and physicists.
Physics; mother of all sciences, application of mathematics, and the foundation of medicine and chemistry. Physics, from the perspective of society, a subject that has unknown uses. This is utterly incorrect. In fact it is quite the opposite. It is like the composer of an orchestrating band, no one hears him, but his affect on the band is made precisely clear. The sounds, the beats, the flow of harmony, all orchestrated by a single entity. Such is physics in comparison to chemistry and biology. Physics has application all over the world, and without it, advances within the medical field would not be possible. The invention of the microscope, developed through the middle ages by physicist, wanting to learn more about the properties of light, finds it self an irreplaceable invention within medicine. The computational power needed to diagnose and improve healthcare, was due to the research of physics.
Physics has applications so deep rooted that without it, the whole structure would collapse. The valuable knowledge gained from experiments and theories alike, allow researchers to apply these new techniques and methods to better the advancements within the medical and chemical field. Research into astronomy, although irrelevant at the moment, due to difficulties with applying this knowledge, would someday path the way for the advancement of homosapiens, into a space faring civilisation, something humanity must do in order to escape a planet that is on the brink of being destroyed by its very own inhabitants.
The graph illustrates how the advancement in physics compares to that of the other sciences. The amount of papers published by physicists year is almost treble that of medical practitioners, thus showing the unprecedented advancement in physics.
To conclude, what the article clearly shows is that there is no such thing as an important science, but a science for that era. Each era has a science that defines it, where leaps and bounds are done in that field in order to further improve life as a whole. Yet we live in an era where not just one, but all the sciences are making progress at speeds before unheard of. such is the coalescing of all science, into improving each and every aspect of the other. Each science leaves it mark, whether biology, by tackling issues if today, or chemistry, the formation of new elements to not just have current use but more use in the future through different ways, or physics, paving a way for the future humanity. All we need to do know is support these advancements.
This is the 100th article on Queen's Economist!