Nanotechnology is the ability of manipulating and producing products at a nanoscale that takes place at lower dimensions and sizes. Nanotechnology has been an increasing solution used by doctors to treat medical issues. There are many uses for Nanotechnology: Drug delivery systems, fuel cells, batteries, disinfectants and many more. Nanomedicine not only can it be used for medical purposes but it can also help open up a new understanding of the human anatomy.
Drug Delivery systems
However these nanomaterials and nanotechnology show a diverse broad range of properties and many useful benefits. One main reason for the use of nanotechnology in medicine for drug delivery systems. Buckyballs or buckminster fullerenes are used to deliver drugs to cancer cells. These nanoparticles work as they are attracted towards the cancer cells.
There are still further tests being conducted to test for the safety of these nanoparticles. Nanoparticles delivering chemotherapy drugs to cancer cells are still being tested and improved to ensure it is safe for everyone to use. Other medical uses including the idea came up with the Worcester Polytechnic Institute of putting in antibodies into carbon nanotubes and using them to detect cancer cells. Furthermore scientists were also able to insert sensors into carbon nanotubes which is inserted into gel that can monitor the nitric oxide levels in the blood.
Malaysian scientist along with Harvard university students and experts are finding a way of using nanotechnology and nanomaterials to find a solution of curing lung disease and COPD. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease which is also a lung disease. This treatment involves using chemotherapeutics combined into fine sprays and then it is inhaled. The nanoparticles in that spray will attach to the lungs and deliver the necessary drugs.
Further uses of nanotechnology involves in potential research of tracking and monitoring cancerous or diseased cells. Then it can be used to transport antibodies and drugs to the target cell. Doctors can use biomarkers and nanomaterials to see molecules and cells the their activity that they undergo.